Today, about 4.6% of the world’s adult population suffers from diabetes.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that while only 30 million people worldwide had Diabetes in 1985, in the year 2025 the total number will be at least 300 million, representing a ten-fold increase in only 40 years. Currently the prevalence of diabetes is higher in the developed countries than in the developing countries, but it is expected that in the coming years diabetes will grow more rapidly in the developing countries than in the developed countries.
Although numerous causes and treatments have been researched, discussed and implemented, the WHO and the IDF (International Diabetes Federation) have strongly advocated prevention as key in the battle against this epidemic.
Traditionally, there has been little dialogue between the two disciplines (oral care – dentists and medical – doctors), but when it comes to a person with diabetes, it is all one body. It is likely that inflammation in the oral cavity, particularly the gums, can adversely impact blood glucose and exacerbate diabetes.
How Does Diabetes Affect Oral Health?
- Diabetes can make it harder for your body, including your gums, to fight off infections
- Poorly controlled blood glucose levels can cause the following oral problems:
- Gingivitis or periodontitis