If you already have diabetes, you can lower your risk of diabetes complications by managing it. If you are at risk of diabetes, you can delay or prevent the diagnosis of diabetes. The key word in these sentences is YOU. Find out if you are personally at risk of diabetes and learn how to prevent problems. November, diabetes month, is a time to increase our awareness about diabetes.
The Diabetes Prevention Program research study has shown type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed in people at high risk for the disease who make lifestyle changes. Weight loss of 5 to 7 percent (about 10 to 14 pounds for a 200-pound person), and increasing physical activity to 150 minutes per week can reduce or delay the development of type 2 diabetes by 58 percent.
In pre-diabetes, blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. Pre-diabetes is also called impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG), depending on the test used to measure blood glucose levels. Having pre-diabetes puts one at higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes. People with pre-diabetes are also at increased risk for developing cardiovascular disease.