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What is type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder resulting from the body’s inability to make enough, or to properly use, insulin. It used to be called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM).

Without enough insulin, the body cannot move blood sugar into the cells. It is a chronic disease that has no known cure. It is the most common type of diabetes, accounting for 90-95 percent of diabetes cases.

What causes type 2 diabetes?

The exact cause of type 2 diabetes is unknown. However, there does appear to be a genetic factor which causes it to run in families. And, although a person can inherit a tendency to develop type 2 diabetes, it usually takes another factor, such as obesity, to bring on the disease.

Prevention or delay of onset of type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes may be prevented or delayed by following a program to eliminate or reduce risk factors — particularly losing weight and increasing exercise. Information gathered by the Diabetes Prevention Program, sponsored by the National Institutes of Health and the American Diabetes Association, continues to study this possibility.

What are the signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes?

The following are the most common symptoms for type 2 diabetes, however, each individual may experience symptoms differently.

Diabetes may have a variety of signs and symptoms, including:

  • Frequent infections that are not easily healed
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme hunger but loss of weight
  • Unusual thirst
  • Blurred vision
  • Extreme weakness and tiredness
  • Irritability and mood changes
  • Nausea and vomitingRead More


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